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The Role of Orthopedic Surgeons

Orthopedics is the branch of medicine related to diseases, damages and conditions of the musculoskeletal system or the body’s muscles and skeleton. This structure also comprises of the joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves. Meanwhile, orthopedic surgeons are the medical specialists who are responsible for preventive and surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system.

About Orthopedic Surgery and Surgeon

Experts insist that the exact name of this medical specialty is actually orthopedic surgery and not orthopedics. However, orthopedics is the commonly known and accepted term for the purpose. As a line of specialists, orthopedic surgery is made up of surgeons (knee specialist, shoulder specialist and so on) and other healthcare professionals who provide comprehensive orthopedic services.This line of expertise provides treatment for diseases, damages, fractures and pain. In addition, orthopedists also take care of rehabilitation programs for the physically disabled and participate in ongoing musculoskeletal study.

Orthopedic Surgeons/Physicians – Key Roles

The main roles of an orthopedic surgeon/physician can be divided into the following sub-heads:

Diagnostic and assessment technique Treatment Research

Here we have discussed each and every role in detail to facilitate a better understanding of an orthopedic surgeon/physician’s role and functions.

Diagnostic Role

A vast number of patients visit their orthopedic surgeon/physicians every year for a series of ailments, disorders and medical conditions. There are a vast number of conditions that have an impact on our body’s musculoskeletal system, which need clinical care by an orthopedic surgeon.

What does an Orthopedic Surgeon Treat?

An orthopedic surgeon treats musculoskeletal conditions without operation, by using medications, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. If required, he/she may also recommend surgical treatment.

Some of the conditions and diseases an orthopedic surgeon treatment includes:

  • Abnormalities of the fingers and toes
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ruptured disks, Back pain, sciatica and scoliosis
  • Bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
  • Fractures and dislocations
  • Growth abnormalities
  • Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, bursitis and torn cartilage
  • Torn ligaments, sprains and strains
  • Club foot, bunions, bow legs, knock knees and unequal leg length
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sports or work-related injuries

Shoulder Surgery – Solution to Let You Perform Greater in Sport Field

What Are Sports Injuries?

The term “sports injury,” in the broadest sense, actually refers to the kinds of injuries that mostly occur during sports or workout. Some sports damages result from accidents; others are due to poor workout training practices, wrong equipment, lack of conditioning, or inadequate warm-up and stretching.

Following are the most common sports injuries:

Common Types of Sports Injuries are:

  1. Tears of the ligaments that hold joints together
  2. Tears of the tendons that support joints and help them to move
  3. Dislocated joints
  4. Muscle sprains and strains
  5. Fractured bones; including vertebrae.

What Is the Difference Between Acute and Chronic Injuries?

Irrespective of the specific structure affected, musculoskeletal sports injuries can usually be classified in one of two ways: acute or chronic.

Acute Injuries

Acute injuries, such as a sprained ankle, strained back or fractured hand, happen suddenly during any physical activity. Signs of an acute injury include the following:

  1. Sudden and extreme pain
  2. Inability to place weight on a lower limb
  3. Swelling
  4. Extreme painfulness in an upper limb
  5. Extreme limb weakness
  6. Visible dislocation
  7. Inability to move a joint through its full range of motion

Chronic Injuries

Chronic injuries generally result from overusing one area of the body while playing a sport or exercising over a longer period of time. The following are signs of a chronic injury:

  1. Pain when performing an activity or sports
  2. A dull pain when at rest
  3. Swelling

Rotator cuff repair (RCR) is a common technique performed by Shoulder surgeons via arthroscopic, or mini-open techniques. While this operation is considered to be of low morbidity, numerous potential complications can arise either intraoperative or during the postoperative time. Some of these problems are related to the surgical method (arthroscopic or open). Many of these problems can be managed through non-operative means; however, initial recognition and timely treatment is important in limiting the long-term sequel and improving patient outcome.

What Should I Do If I Suffer an Injury?

Whether damage is acute or chronic, there is never a good reason to try to “work through” the pain of damage. When you have ache from a particular movement or activity, you need to stop doing them immediately. Continuing the activity only causes further damage. Some injuries require prompt medical attention like total shoulder replacement, while others can be self-treated. Here’s what you need to know about both types:

When to Seek Medical Treatment?

  1. You should call a health professional
  2. The injury causes extreme pain, swelling, or numbness.
  3. If you are not able to bear any weight on the area, you need to visit your physician immediately.
  4. The pain or dull ache of an old damage is accompanied by increased swelling or joint abnormality or instability.

Shoulder Surgery – Solution to Let You Perform Greater in Sport Field

What Are Sports Injuries?

The term “sports injury,” in the broadest sense, actually refers to the kinds of injuries that mostly occur during sports or workout. Some sports damages result from accidents; others are due to poor workout training practices, wrong equipment, lack of conditioning, or inadequate warm-up and stretching.

Following are the most common sports injuries:

Common Types of Sports Injuries are:

  1. Tears of the ligaments that hold joints together
  2. Tears of the tendons that support joints and help them to move
  3. Dislocated joints
  4. Muscle sprains and strains
  5. Fractured bones; including vertebrae.

What Is the Difference Between Acute and Chronic Injuries?

Irrespective of the specific structure affected, musculoskeletal sports injuries can usually be classified in one of two ways: acute or chronic.

Acute Injuries

Acute injuries, such as a sprained ankle, strained back or fractured hand, happen suddenly during any physical activity. Signs of an acute injury include the following:

  1. Sudden and extreme pain
  2. Inability to place weight on a lower limb
  3. Swelling
  4. Extremepainfulness in an upper limb
  5. Extreme limb weakness
  6. Visible dislocation
  7. Inability to move a joint through its full range of motion

Chronic Injuries

Chronic injuries generally result from overusing one area of the body while playing a sport or exercising over a longer period of time. The following are signs of a chronic injury:

  1. Pain when performing an activity or sports
  2. A dull pain when at rest
  3. Swelling

Rotator cuff repair (RCR) is a common technique performed by Shoulder surgeons via arthroscopic, or mini-open techniques. While this operation is considered to be of low morbidity, numerous potential complications can arise either intraoperative or during the postoperative time. Some of these problems are related to the surgical method (arthroscopic or open). Many of these problems can be managed through non-operative means; however, initial recognition and timely treatment is important in limiting the long-term sequel and improving patient outcome.

What Should I Do If I Suffer an Injury?

Whether damage is acute or chronic, there is never a good reason to try to “work through” the pain of damage. When you have ache from a particular movement or activity, you need to stop doing them immediately. Continuing the activity only causes further damage. Some injuries require prompt medical attention like total shoulder replacement, while others can be self-treated. Here’s what you need to know about both types:

When to Seek Medical Treatment?

  1. You should call a health professional
  2. The injury causes extreme pain, swelling, or numbness.
  3. If you are not able to bearany weight on the area, you need to visit your physician immediately.
  4. The pain or dull ache of an old damage is accompanied by increased swelling or joint abnormality or instability.

Facts about Bankart Repair Surgery

Background:
Shoulder instability is an important medical problem. Arthroscopic surgery is an established cure modality in shoulder instability, but it continues to be linked with a high rate of repetitions and complications. The cause of the study was to examine late outcomes of arthroscopic repair of Bankart lesions in patients with post-traumatic anterior shoulder unsteadiness and non-engaging Hill-Sachs lesion, with special attention on the incidence and causes of reappearances and complications. Glenohumeral instability can be considered by the direction of instability, the chronicity, and the etiology. Understanding the pathophysiology and etiology associated to the patient’s glenohumeral instability may aid in shaping their risk of recurrence and ultimately monitor management. A thorough history and physical checkup are essential. Age, activity level, athletic participation, and hand dominance should be noted. The examiner should ask about instability in the other joints, particularly the contralateral shoulder. If a painful event is related to the patient’s symptoms, the location of the arm and amount of energy involved during the result should be noted. If the patient cannot recall the position of the arm during the result, knowing the position of the arm that replicates symptoms is also useful.

Important Prevention to be taken post-surgery:
•Sleeping:
For the first three weeks your sling belt must be worn in bed. Sleeping can be little uncomfortable if you try and lie on the operated arm. We advise that you lie on your back or on the reverse side, as you choose. Ordinary pillows can be used to give you ease and support. If you are lying on your side one pillow a little folded under your neck gives enough care for most people. A pillow folded in half supports the arm in front and a pillow stuck along your back helps to avoid you rolling onto the operated shoulder during the night. If you are lying on your back, bond a pillow tightly in the middle or use a folded pillow to backing your neck. Place a folded pillow underneath the elbow of the operated arm to support that.

•Follow up Appointments:
An appointment will be made for you to see the shoulder surgeon or specialist therapist 4 weeks post-operatively.

•Daily Activities:
For the first two to three weeks most activities of daily living for example eating, dressing, cooking etc must be carried out by your un-operated arm. If suitable an occupational therapist will be available to give you guidance on how to do this.

•Leisure Activities:
Your physiotherapist and shoulder surgeon will advise you when it is safe to start again your leisure activities. This will vary according to your activity and level, as well as the period required to rehabilitate your shoulder muscles with physiotherapy.

Joint Replacement Surgery in India: Common Misconceptions

It’s believed that a huge percentage of Indian population suffering from chronic joint pain have never consulted a joint health specialist, and a major amount of people who are diagnosed are not getting proper treatment for their affliction. Over half of the patients who could really benefit from a total joint replacement procedure simply do not go for it, suffering in pain unnecessarily.

There are a lot of misconceptions about joint replacement issues across the country. Many people still think that joint problems are limited only to the elderly. Following are some of the more prominent mistaken beliefs we Indians are known to harbour about joint replacement:

orthopedic-hyderabad

  • Not old enough: If you’re 50 years old or above and joint pain is stopping you from enjoying an optimum quality of life, you are perfectly eligible to get relief. Today, incredible scientific advances in prosthetics have made it possible to elongate the lifespan of prosthetic joints. It has made replacement a viable and attractive option, even for younger people. Although there are no assurances of prosthetic joints and there may arise a need for another replacement later in life, there are new joints which are intended to last for up to 20 years; while the technology is continuously advancing.
  • Can’t afford the time: There is this niggling worry that getting recovered from a joint replacement procedure will take up too much of one’s time, but with the rapid advances in science, it’s quite possible to get back home and get back to doing what you enjoy doing sooner than you can imagine. Further advances in anesthesia, surgical technology, and the management of pain have made recover even faster.
  • Anxiety about joint surgery: Having little knowledge about joint surgery can contribute to a lot of fear and anxiety among sufferers. It’s when one learns what to expect in joint replacement procedure, the anxiety dips and there is more confidence. The fact of the matter is that joint replacement surgery in most cases is minimally invasive and highly successful due to a number of elements.

It’s important to set all misinformation and misconceptions aside in order to take a step towards effective and lasting pain relief from joint pain. If you’re looking for procedures like Dislocation Shoulder Surgery, Knee-Ligament Surgery, or an Arthroscopy Surgeon in Mumbai, then you can contact Dr. A. M. Rajani today!