Orthopedics is the branch of medicine related to diseases, damages and conditions of the musculoskeletal system or the body’s muscles and skeleton. This structure also comprises of the joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves. Meanwhile, orthopedic surgeons are the medical specialists who are responsible for preventive and surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system.
About Orthopedic Surgery and Surgeon
Experts insist that the exact name of this medical specialty is actually orthopedic surgery and not orthopedics. However, orthopedics is the commonly known and accepted term for the purpose. As a line of specialists, orthopedic surgery is made up of surgeons (knee specialist, shoulder specialist and so on) and other healthcare professionals who provide comprehensive orthopedic services.This line of expertise provides treatment for diseases, damages, fractures and pain. In addition, orthopedists also take care of rehabilitation programs for the physically disabled and participate in ongoing musculoskeletal study.
Orthopedic Surgeons/Physicians – Key Roles
The main roles of an orthopedic surgeon/physician can be divided into the following sub-heads:
Diagnostic and assessment technique Treatment Research
Here we have discussed each and every role in detail to facilitate a better understanding of an orthopedic surgeon/physician’s role and functions.
A vast number of patients visit their orthopedic surgeon/physicians every year for a series of ailments, disorders and medical conditions. There are a vast number of conditions that have an impact on our body’s musculoskeletal system, which need clinical care by an orthopedic surgeon.
What does an Orthopedic Surgeon Treat?
An orthopedic surgeon treats musculoskeletal conditions without operation, by using medications, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. If required, he/she may also recommend surgical treatment.
Some of the conditions and diseases an orthopedic surgeon treatment includes:
- Abnormalities of the fingers and toes
- Ruptured disks, Back pain, sciatica and scoliosis
- Bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
- Fractures and dislocations
- Growth abnormalities
- Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, bursitis and torn cartilage
- Torn ligaments, sprains and strains
- Club foot, bunions, bow legs, knock knees and unequal leg length
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sports or work-related injuries