Tag Archive | Arthroscopy

Treating Knee Osteoarthritis with Arthroscopy

What is Knee Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis, commonly known as tear arthritis, is a condition in which the natural cushioning between the joints – cartilage wears away. When this happens the bones of the joints rub more closely against one another with less of shod absorbing benefits of cartilage.

Knee-Osteoarthritis-Stages

What causes Knee Osteoarthritis?

There are five major predisposing factors for Osteoarthritis of the knee:

Gender: Women above the above the age of 55 yrs are most likely to get affected by the Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Age: As one gets older, the knee cartilage loses its ability to heal and that’s the reason why old age is one of the factors why you may be affected.

Heredity: Genetic mutation may be one of the factors responsible for knee Osteoarthritis

Repetitive Stress: This could be one of the main reasons for people getting affected by Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Athletics: Sportsmen playing high intensity sports like Kabaddi, Tennis and Football areprone to knee injuries.

How is Knee Osteoarthritis Treated?

Weight Loss

If you seriously decide to lose weight then it will definitely do a deal of good to your health.

Exercise

Consult a good physiotherapist and strictly follow the exercises prescribed by him; in this way… you’ll feel better about your physical health.

Pain Relievers

If you want to avoid going for a surgery then pain relievers are probably the best option for you… take your medicines as prescribed by your doctor.

Treating Knee Osteoarthritis with Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside the joint.

Arthroscopy for Arthritis?

Arthroscopy cannot treat arthritis and hence its use is very limited in osteoarthritis. It may be required in acute conditions when there is a meniscus tear or a locked knee in a patient with osteoarthritis.

How is Arthroscopy performed?

Arthroscopic surgery although much easier in terms of recovery than open surgery still requires the use of aesthetics and special equipment’s in a hospital operating room or outpatient surgical suite. A small incision about the size of a buttonhole is made and then the arthroscope inserts several incisions to see other parts of the joint or insert other instruments.

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Arthroscopy: A Surgical Procedure

Arthroscopy is a surgical method that orthopedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat injuries inside a joint. The word Arthroscopy comes from two Greek words that are: “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term literally means “to look within the joint.”

What is an arthroscopic surgery?

Arthroscopy is a technique for diagnosing and treating joint problems. A surgeon inserts a very narrow tube attached to a fiber-optic video camera through a small incision — about the size of a buttonhole. The vision inside your joint is transmitted to a high-definition video monitor. Arthroscopy lets the surgeon to see inside your joint without making a large incision. Orthopaedic Surgeons can even repair some types of joint injuries during arthroscopy, with pencil-thin surgical instruments inserted through additional small incisions.

When is knee arthroscopy recommended?

Your doctor may recommend knee arthroscopy if you have painful condition that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Some reasons for undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery include:

  1. Removal or a repair of a torn meniscus
  2. Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament
  3. Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
  4. Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
  5. Removal of loose fragments of bones or cartilage
  6. Treatment of patella (kneecap) problems
  7. Knee sepsis (infection)

When is shoulder arthroscopy recommended?

Your doctor may recommend shoulder arthroscopy if you have painful condition that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Some reasons for undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery include

  1. Bankart Repair
  2. Rotator Cuff Repair
  3. Slap Repair
  4. Capsulotomy for Adhesive capsulitis
  5. AC Joint Resection

How is arthroscopy performed?

Arthroscopic surgery, although much easier in terms of recovery than “open” surgery, still requires the use of anesthetics and the special equipment in a hospital operating room or outpatient surgical suite. You will be given a general, spinal, or a local anesthetic, depending on the joint or suspected problem.

A small incision (about the size of a buttonhole) will be made to insert the arthroscope. Several other incisions may be made to see other parts of the joint or insert other instruments.

Recovering from an arthroscopy:

After your arthroscopy, you’ll be taken to a room to get better from the effects of the general anesthetics, if it was used during the process. Depending on the type of method you had, you may require a temporary sling, splint or crutches to support and guard the joint while you recover. Some people are given special pumps or compression bandages to improve their blood flow.

Recovery advice by surgeons

  1. Ensure that you elevate the joint and apply ice packs to help with swelling when you get home, only if advised to do so. You should also carry out any joint exercises that have been suggested for you.
  2. Any dressings which have been done during the process will need to be kept as dry as possible.
  3. Your wounds should start to recover within a few days. If non-dissolvable stiches were used to close them, they need to be removed after a week or two.
  4. You’ll normally be asked to be present at a follow-up appointment a few weeks after the surgery to discuss the results of the operation, your recovery, and any additional treatment you may need.